The more I explore and understand the world religious and metaphysical traditions the more respect I begin to have for the Tamilian traditions in this matter. Not only are they the most ancient in the world, related as they are to Sumerian, but they abound with a peculiar profundity and beauty that we do NOT find elsewhere. It is rather tragic that, swept by the waves of modernisation we are losing familiarity with these metaphysical explorations that are of permanent value to mankind as a whole. Unless the mind is cultured with the purifying metaphysical thoughts , we cannot hope for political stability and material progress that seem to be need of the times.
I have been doing my best to resuscitate this tradition in all ways I can and now I have decided to render into English with explanatory notes some of the Hymns of Appar and the other Nayanmars I have cherished from my youth. I will follow the same pattern that I follow with the Upatesams of Thirumular so that even those not suffciently fluent with Tamil can enjoy the wisdom contained in these Hymns sung not in the seclusions of social isolation but in the midst of vibrant battles to recover the essence of Tamil metaphysical wisdom.
Your comments to improve further their usefulness will be most appreciated.
The Sixth TirumuRai : ¬È¡õ ¾¢ÕÓ¨È
98: maRumaaRRuth tiruttaaNdakam: ÁÚÁ¡üÚò ¾¢Õò¾¡ñ¼¸õ.
¿¡Á¡÷ìÌí ÌÊÂø§Ä¡õ ¿Á¨É Âï§º¡õ
¿Ã¸ò¾¢ø ¼÷À§¼¡õ ¿¼¨Ä Â¢ø§Ä¡õ
²Á¡ô§À¡õ À¢½¢ÂÈ¢§Â¡õ À½¢§Å¡ Áø§Ä¡õ
ýÀ§Á ¦Âó¿¡Ùó ÐýÀ Á¢ø¨Ä
¾¡Á¡÷ìÌí ÌÊÂøÄ¡ò ¾ý¨Á Â¡É
ºí¸Ãý ºí¸¦Åñ Ì¨Æ§Â¡÷ ¸¡¾¢ü
§¸¡Á¡ü§¸ ¿¡¦ÁýÚ Á£Ç¡ ¬Ç¡öì
¦¸¡öõÁÄ÷§º ÅÊ ¨½§Â ÌÚ¸¢ §É¡§Á
naamaarkkung kudiyalloom namanai yanjcoom
narakattil idarpadoom nadalai illoom
eemaappoom piNiyaRiyoom paNivoo malloom
inbamee yennaaLun tunba millai
taamaarkkung kudiyallaat tanmai yaana
cangkaran cangkaveN kuzaiyoor kaatiR
koomaaRkkee naamenRum miiLaa aaLaayk
koymmlarcee vadi iNaiyee kuRukinoomee
µ÷ º¢È¢Â ¿¡ðÊý ¾¨ÄÅÉ¡¸ ÕìÌõ Â¡ÕìÌõ
«ÊÀ½¢óÐ «ó¿¡ðÊý ÌÊÂ¡¸ Õì¸Á¡ð§¼¡õ, «ùÅ¡Ú ¦ºöÔí¸¡ø ¾ñÊòÐ ¦¸¡¨Ä
§¿¡ì§¸¡Î Åó¾¡Öõ ¿Á¨É «ï§º¡õ; ÀÄÅ¢¾ ¾ñ¼¨É¸û ¦¸¡ÎòÐ Å¡úì¨¸¨Â
¿Ã¸Á¡ì¸¢É¡Öõ ¼÷À§¼¡õ , ¿Îí¸×ï ¦ºö§Â¡õ; îÝú¿¢¨ÄÂ¢Öõ
ÁÉíÌ¨ÆÂ¡Ð ²Á¡ôÒ¼§É§Â Õô§À¡õ, ±ùÅ¨¸Â¡É À¢½¢Ôõ «È¢§Â¡õ ±ýÀ¾¢ý À½¢§Å¡õ «ø§Ä¡õ;
Â¡Ð ¿¼ó¾¡Öõ «Ð ýÀ§Á ±ó¿¡Ùõ ÐýÀÁ¢ø¨Ä. ùÅ¡Ú ¿¡õ ÕôÀ¾üÌ ¸¡Ã½õ ¾¡õ
Â¡÷ìÌõ ÌÊÂøÄ¡¾ º÷Å Í¾ó¾¢Ãò ¾ý¨ÁÂ¡É «÷ò¾¿¡Ã£ ÅÊòÐ ¦ÅñÌ¨Æ§Â¡÷
¸¡¾¢ø «½¢ó¾¢ÕìÌõ ºí¸Ã¨É ¿õ ¾¨ÄÅÃ¡öì ¦¸¡ñÎ, «ÅÛì§¸ Á£Ç¡ ¬Ç¡ö ¿¢ýÚ «ÅÉÐ
ÁÄ÷¸¨Çô §À¡ýÈ §ºÅÊ¸¨Çò ¦¾¡ØÅ¾ü§¸ ¿¡õ ÌÚ¸¢§É¡õ.
No one is subject to anyone and we shall NOT fear the God of death
We shall not suffer fire of Hell and any kind misfortunes
Forever in self dignity and free of ailments , we shall NOT submit to anyone
There is only happiness and no sufferings at all for
We have become totally people of unredeemable servitude to the King of Supreme Autonomy
Who wearing in one ear the brilliant white conch, appears as the Sangkaran, the redeemer of all
And have submitted ourselves to His FEET of fresh blossoms
naamaarkkung kudiyalloom: No one is subject to anyone
namanai yanjcoom: we shall not fear even the God of Death
narakattil idarpadoom : We shall NOT suffer fire of Hell
nadalai illoom: we are free also from any kind of misfortunes
eemaappoom piNiyaRiyoom: forever in self dignity and free of ailments
paNivoo malloom : and we shall NOT submit to anyone
inbamee yennaaLun tunba millai: there is only happiness and no sufferings at all
taamaarkkung kudiyallaath tanmai yaana : Being who as the KING is supremely autonomous
cangkaran cangkaveN kuzaiyoor kaatiR: The Sangkaran , the redeemer of all wearing a brilliant white conch in one of ears
koomaaRkkee naamenRum miiLaa aaLaayk: to this KING we have become totally people of unredeemable servitude
koymalar ceevadi iNaiyee kuRukinoomee : have submitted ourselves to His FEET of fresh blossoms
The anma as a psychic entity exists always identifying itself with something or other and hence always in bondage. In social existence we are also in servitude to either the king or social or cultic leaders . But such individuals and things are ENSLAVING and to be thus ensalved is NOT the essence of the anmas. All anmas are destined to live FREE and supremely AUTONOMOUS. But how is this possible? Only by becoming totally submissive towards BEING.
But isn't this another kind of servitude?
No for BEING is an integral whole and as such Supremely FREE and hence anyone who comes close to HIM become like HIM, like coal becoming fire inside the fire. Our essence to be FREE and TOTALLY autonomus from all the worldly powers whether political social or religious and this is existentially possible only in metaphysical kind of existence where we are in close proximity with BEING and doing only things that would endear ourselves to HIM. This life CLOSE TO HIM is life in eternity , in saturated Wholeness and hence free of any cravings that would bring enslaveries miseries sufferings feelings of guilt and hellish tortures because of all these. It is NOT only life in PURITY but also in LIGHT and hence always happy with contentment.
Appar here outlines the political philosophy that can be called MEATAPOLTICS, the kind of political life that caters NOT for just economic prosperity but for spiritual upliftment and hence a political organisation in which no human being can set up himself as the ruler with absolute powers . The real KING is BEING and all who are devoted to him , icluding the politiocal leaders are equally HIS subjects.
HE being the real king, the tortures and threats that a local political leader can issue forth become powerless and not intimidating at all.
«¸Ä¢¼§Á ¼Á¡¸ °÷¸û §¾¡Úõ
«ðÎñÀ¡÷ ðÎñÀ¡÷ Å¢Äì¸¡÷ ³Âõ
Ò¸Ä¢¼¡õ «õÀÄí¸û âÁ¢§¾Å¢
Ô¼ý ¸¢¼ó¾¡ø ÒÃð¼¡û ¦À¡ö ÂýÚ ¦Áö§Â
¸Ö¨¼Â Å¢¨¼Ô¨¼Â¡ý ²ýÚ ¦¸¡ñ¼¡ý
É¢§ÂÐí Ì¨ÈÅ¢§Ä¡õ ¼÷¸û ¾£÷ó§¾¡õ
Ð¸¢ÖÎòÐô ¦À¡ýâñÎ ¾¢Ã¢Å¡÷ ¦º¡øÖõ
¦º¡ü§¸ð¸ì ¸¼§Å¡§Á¡ ÐÃ¢ºü §È¡§Á
akalidamee idamaaka uurkaL thooRum
adduNbaar idduNbaar vilakkaar aiyam
pukalidamaam ambalangkaL puumiteevi
yudan kidantaal puraddaaL poyyanRu meyyee
ikaludaidaiyan vidaiyudaiyaan eenRu koNdaan
iniyeetung kuRaiviloom idarkaL tiirntoom
tukiluduttup ponpuuNdu tirivaar collum
coRkeedkak kadavoomoo turisaR Romee.
º¢Å§Ä¡¸ò¨¾ ¦Áö¦ÂýÚ ¸Õ¾¡Ð ó¾ «üÀ ¯Ä¨¸§Â ¼Á¡¸ì ¦¸¡ñÎ °÷¸û §¾¡Úõ ¾¢Ã¢óÐ ¦À¡Õû ®ðÊ «ðÎñÀ¡÷ §ÁÖõ À¢ÈÕìÌ ðÎñÀ¡÷ , «¸òÐî ¦ºÈ¢ó¾¢ÕìÌõ ãÄ ³Âò¨¾ ¿£ì¸¡÷. ôÀÊ ÕôÀ¢Ûõ Ò¸Ä¢¼Á¡¸ ¾¢Õº¢üÈõÀÄò¨¾§Âì ¦¸¡ñÎ Å¡úó¾¡ø, â§¾Å¢Ôõ ÁÂì¸ò¨¾ò ¾óÐ ÒÃð¼¡û, Ð ¦À¡öÂýÚ ¦Áö§Â. ±øÄ¡ ¬üÈø¸¨ÇÔõ ¾ýÉ¢¼õ ¨ÅòÐûÇ ²Ú¨Å ¾ÉÐ Å¡¸ÉÁ¡¸ì ¦¸¡ñÎûÇ ºí¸Ãý, ¿õ¨Á ¾ý «ÊÂ¡Ã¡¸ ²üÚ¦¸¡ñ¼¡ý. «¾É¡ø É¢§ÂÐõ Ì¨È¸û ø§Ä¡õ, ±øÄ¡ ¼÷¸¨ÇÔõ ¾£÷ó§¾¡õ. «ùÅ¡È¢Õì¸ ¬¼õÀÃÁ¡É Ð¸¢ø ¯Îò¾¢Ôõ ¦À¡ý âñÎõ «üÀ ¦ºøÅî ¦ºÆ¢ôÀ¢ø ¾¢Ã¢Å¡÷ ¦º¡ø §¸ðÎ ¿¼ìÌõ ¸¼ôÀ¡Î ø§Ä¡õ, ¾É¡ø ÁÉ¾¢ø ±øÄ¡Å¨¸ ÐÃ¢Íõ «ü§È¡õ.
Those who are locked up in this wide world and live
cooking meals and giving alms will never clear the metaphysical doubts
But should they access the metaphysical realms and also continue with the Earth-Woman
She will not deceive one with delutions and there will be only truths
And the Powerful BEING with the BULL as his symbol has allowed this access
We are not in want of anything henceforth and are freed of problems and
Hence because of the PURITY we enjoy, we are not obliged to listen to the dictates of the worldly individuals
Who go about brandishing wearing silken attire and golden ornaments
akalidamee idamaaka uurkaL thooRum : Those who are locked up in this wide earthly world and live
adduNbaar idduNbaar vilakkaar aiyam: cooking meals and giving alms will never clear the metaphysical doubts
pukalidamaam ambalangkaL puumiteevi yudan kidantaal: but should they access the metaphysical realms and also continue to live with the Earth-Woman;
puraddaaL poyyanRu meyyee: she will not deceive anymore with delutions and there will be witnessing only truths;
ikaludaidaiyan vidaiyudaiyaan eenRu koNdaan: the Powerful BEING with BULL as His symbol has allowed this access;
iniyeethung kuRaiviloom idarkaL tiirntoom: and hence we are not in want of anything and are freed also of all problems;
tukiluduttup ponpuuNdu tirivaar collum: those who are still earthly and who go about brandshing wearing silken cloths and golden ornaments;
coRkeedkak kadavoomoo turisaR Romee: because of the PURITY we are enjoying, we are NOT obliged to listen to such individuals and do as they dictate.
The political life, as founded upon various kinds of earthly needs , the economical cultural and social, is always enslaving. The FREEDOM within socio-political life is NOT genuine freedom for there will always be rules and regulations and institutions for enforcing them and punishing the deviant if necessary. The political leaders caught up in this earthly world given over to the physical needs, will demand obeyance for the easy and smooth running of the country. The FREEDOM they can offer is always conditional-- it should NOT be used to uproot and wipe out the ruling power.
But all these need to be obliged and be submissive in this and that is no more when an individual enters the metaphysical world, the mantra-world where begins metaphyscial existence that CLARIFIES the primordial existential doubts beyond the reach of the earthly life. The ACCESS into metaphysical by the clarities it provides makes the earthly existence UNIMPORTANT and because of that quite irrelevant. One can continue to live in the world but now with such a kind of existence there will NOT be anymore DELUTIONS and Falsities but only the witnessing of TRUTHS. With this newly gained privilege that the access into the metaphysical world, one becomes FREE from earthly and the socio-political demands. One is NO MORE a citizen of a country under the leadership of a political head but FREE in the vicinity of BEING, the most Powerful. The existential obligations are NO MORE towards the KING, the leader of the earthly economic life but rather towards BEING who confers the Supreme Illumination by freeing oneself from the fetters.
In this Appar claims that BEING has granted him this access and he is FREE from the dictates of any political leader no matter how powerful he is.
He does not deny the nedd to live the poltical life. But the political
as conditioned by the access to the metaphysical FREES one from the DELUTIONS
so that only TRUTHS the life of the nations and the political community.
Å¡Ã¡ñ¼ ¦¸¡í¨¸Â÷§º÷ Á¨ÉÂ¢ü §º§Ã¡õ
Á¡§¾Å¡ Á¡§¾Å¡ ±ýÚ Å¡úò¾¢
¿£Ã¡ñ¼ Ò§Ã¡¾Âõ ¬¼ô ¦Àü§È¡õ
¿£È½¢Ôí §¸¡Ä§Á ¿¢¸Æô ¦Àü§È¡õ
¸¡Ã¡ñ¼ Á¨Æ§À¡Äì ¸ñ½£÷ §º¡Ãì
¸ýÁÉ§Á ¿ýÁÉÁ¡öì ¸¨ÃÂô ¦Àü§È¡õ
À¡Ã¡ñÎ À¸§¼È¢ ÅÕÅ¡÷ ¦º¡øÖõ
À½¢§¸ð¸ ¸¼§Å¡§Á¡ ÀüÈü §È¡§Á
vaaraaNda kongkaiyarceer maniyiR ceeroom
maateevaa maateevaa enRu vaaztti
niiraanda purootayam aadap peRRoom
niiRaNiyung koolamee nikazap peRRoom
kaaraaNda mazaipoolak kaNNiir coorak
kanmanamee nanmanamaayk karaiyaip peRRoom
paaraaNdu pakadeeRi varuvaar collum
paNikeedka kadavoomoo paRRaR Roomee!
Á¡÷À¢¨É Å¡÷¦¸¡ñÎ Ú¸ì ¸ðÊÕìÌõ Çõ¦Àñ¸§Ç¡Î ¿¼òÐõ Á¨ÉÅ¡úì¨¸ Å¢ð§¼¡õ; «Û¾¢ÉÓõ Å¢ÊÂÄ¢ý §À¡Ð Á¡§¾Å¡! Á¡§¾Å¡! ±ýÚ Å¡úò¾¢ ¿£Ã¡¼¨Ä§Â ÅÆì¸Á¡¸ô ¦Àü§È¡õ. «¸î Íò¾ò¾¢¨Éì ¸¡ðÎõ ¿£È½¢Ôí §¸¡Ä§Á §¸¡ÄÁ¡¸ ¬¼ô¦Àü§È¡õ; §ÁÖõ «¸òÐ ±Ø ¸Õ¨½Â¢ý ¸¡Ã½Á¡¸ ¯Ä¸Áì¸û À¡ø ¿¢¨Èó¾ «ýÒ âñÎ «Å÷¸û ÐýÀí¸¨Çì ¸ñÎ ÁÉí¸¨ÃóÐ Á¨Æ§À¡Ä ¸ñ½£÷ Å¢¼×õ ¦Àü§È¡õ. ùÅ¡Ú ¾Éì¦¸Ûõ ±øÄ¡ô ÀüÚì¸¨ÇÔõ ¿£ì¸¢ ÕìÌõ ¾ý ¸¡Ã¡½Á¡¸ À¡Ã¡ñÎ Â¡¨É¸û §Áø ²È¢ ¯Ä¡ÅÕõ «Ãº÷¸Ç¢ý À½¢§¸ðÌõ ¬û ¿¡õ «ø§Ä¡õ.
We are NOT obliged to listen and obey the words of the kings
who may rule the world and ride on elephants in royal pomposity
For we have dissolved all worldly desires and also
having forsaken even family life with a women with belted-breasts
Are given to early dips in the cool waters along with the early sunrise
chanting Mateeva! Mateeva and wearing only the sacred ashes and with these
melt the stoney heart with LOVE for all and shed tears like the pouring rains.
vaaraaNda kongkaiyarceer maniyiR ceeroom: we have forsaken family life with a belt-breasted( and hence young) woman
maateevaa maateevaa enRu vaaztti: chanting Mateeva! Maateeva!
niiraanda purootayam aadap peRRoom: we are given over to dips in the cool waters along with the early sunrise
niiRaNiyung koolamee nikazap peRRoom: never forgetting to wear only the sacred ashes
kaaraaNda mazaipoolak kaNNiir coorak: shedding tears like the rain that pours from the dark clouds,
kanmanamee nanmanamaayk karaiyaip peRRoom: we allow the stoney heart melt with LOVE for all and become good
paaraaNdu pakadeeRi varuvaar collum paNikeedka kadavoomoo: We are not obliged to listen and do as told to the words of the kings who may rule the world and ride on elephants in (royal) pomposity
paRRaR Roomee! : we have dissolved all
As long as one continues to live still the bodily existence, the forgetting of the metaphysical is always possible. The symbolic life, taken in the right spirit just serves to maintain oneself firmly in the metaphysical existence overcoming this forgetfullness. But this symbolic life is very simple at least to the genuinely metaphysical individuals such as Appar. It involves chanting the sacred name of Mateevaa and dipping in the cool waters along with the sunrise: a symbolic act of regeneration, the desire to become a NEW person everyday by becoming purer and purer. The desires becoming PURE through gaining metaphysical illuminations is symbolised by the wearing of the sacred ASHES, the symbol of absolute PURITY for the ashes are peculiar -- even burnt it remains the same.
But all these are possible only if the mind is TOTALLY absorbed in the metaphysical realms and for which family life that still remains sexually active is transcended. This involves the transmutation of the sexual libido itself into metaphysical libido, the Iccaa Sakthi into Njana Sakthi which is another meaning of the Sacred Ashes so impotant in the Saivite way of Life.
But what is the use of all these? Appar has explained this in many places: to MELT the HEART the remains like a stone with lovelessness, a heart that has NO COMPASSION and MERCY for the suffering. The real purpose of genuine metaphysical life is to become one full of LOVE and COMPASSION ready to shed tears like the pouring rains at the sight human sufferings.
The narrow sex-dominated family is transcended only to own the WHOLE WORLD as one's family. Now this accomplishment of genuine metaphysical life also LIBERATES a person from his political moorings and hence such a person is NOT AT ALL obliged to listen to the political leaders, no matter how powerful and pompous they are for their suzerainty does not extend beyond the confines of his narrow nation. How can a person who has become a citizen of the whole universe descend to the level of a nationhood?
¯ÈÅ¡Å¡÷ ¯Õò¾¢ÃÀø ¸½ò¾¢ §É¡÷¸û
¯ÎôÀÉ §¸¡Å½ò§¾¡Î ¸£û ¯ÇÅ¡ Áý§È
¦ºÚÅ¡Õï ¦ºÈÁ¡ð¼¡÷ ¾£¨Á ¾¡Ûõ
¿ý¨ÁÂ¡î º¢ÈôÀ§¾ À¢ÈôÀ¢ü ¦ºø§Ä¡õ
¿ÈÅ¡÷¦À¡ý É¢¾Æ¢¿Úó ¾¡§Ã¡ý º£Ã¡÷
¿Áîº¢Å¡Âî ¦º¡øÄ Åø§Ä¡õ ¿¡Å¡ø
ÍÈÅ¡Õí ¦¸¡ÊÂ¡¨Éô ¦À¡ÊÂ¡ì ¸ñ¼
Í¼÷¿ÂÉî §º¡¾¢¨Â§Â ¦¾¡¼÷ ×ü§È¡§Á
uRavaavaar uruttirapal kaNatti noorkaL
uduppana koovaNattoodu kiiL uLaavaa manRee
ceRuvaarunj ceRamaaddaar tiimai taanum
nanmaiyaac ciRappatee piRaippiR celloom
naRavaar pon nitazinaRuntaaroon ciiraar
namaccivaayac colla valloom naavaal
cuRavaarung kodiyaanaip podiyaak kaNda
cudar nayanac cootiyaiyee thodar vuRRoomee
Á¨ÈÂ¡¸ ¿¢ýÈ¢ÄíÌõ Áó¾¢Ã ºì¾¢¸Ç¡¸¢Â ¯Õò¾¢Ã ¸½í¸û ±ý ¯¾Å¢ìÌ ÅÕõ ¯ÈÅ¡Å¡÷. ²¦ÉÉ¢ø ¿ÁìÌ §ÅñÊÂ¾¡¸ ÕôÀÐ ¦Áöò ÐÈÅ¢ý §¸¡Å½Óõ ¸£Ùõ¾¡ý. ó¾ ¯Õò¾¢Ã ¸½í¸û ¯ÈÅ¡¸ Õì¸ ±ý§É¡Î ºñ¨¼Â¢¼ ÅÕÀÅÕõ ºñ¨¼Â¢¼¡Ð ¦ºøÅ÷; ¾£¨Á ¦ºöÂ ÅÕÅ¡Õõ ¿ý¨Á ¦ºöÐÅ¢ð§¼ ¦ºøÅ÷. Å£Î§ÀÚ §¿¡ì¸¢î ¦ºø§Å¡õ «øÄ¡ø Á£ñÎõ À¢Èô¦ÀÎìÌõ ÅÆ¢ ¦ºø§Ä¡õ. ²¦ÉÉ¢ø ¿øÄ ¿Ú× Å¢ÇíÌõ ¦À¡ýÁ¡¨Ä ÝÊÂÅÉ¡¸ Å¢ÇíÌõ º¢Å¦ÀÕÁ¡¨É ¿Áîº¢Å¡Â ±ýÛõ Áó¾¢Ãò¾¡ø µ¾¢ ¦¾Ç¢¾ø ¦Àü§È¡õ. §ÁÖõ ¸¡Áò¨¾ ¯üÀÅ¢ìÌõ ÍÈ×ì ¦¸¡Ê ÁýÁ¾¨É ±Ã¢òÐ º¡õÀ¡Ä¡ìÌõ Ñ¾øÅ¢Æ¢ ¿¡ð¼òÐ ¨ÈÅ¨É ¯ûÇ¡ý ±ýÚ «È¢óÐ «Å¨É Â¡ñÎõ ¦¾¡Æ×õ ¦Àü§È¡õ.
Because we have managed to ascend to the stage where
we see everything with the brilliant Third Eye of BEING that
Powdered to dust the antics of the Cupid having as his flag the Shark
We have as our aids the whole lot of the celestial warriors and
Have for wearing only loin clothes and rags that are not at all pompous and because of which
even those who wish to attack us become subdued and even the evils they wish to do
Become in fact good. And these because we want to escape the karma that causes rebirth
And furthermore we are blessed by BEING who appears as the one wearing
The golden garland of honeyed flowers of pleasant fragrance, a life where we become capable of
uttering continuosly the mantra NAMACIVAYA (that establishes us in universality)
uRavaavaar uruttirapal kaNatti noorkaL: the celestial warriors will become our (earthly) aids
uduppana koovaNattodu kiiL uLaavaa manRee: what we have for wearing are only loin clothes
ceRuvaanj ceRamaaddaar : even those who want to attack us will become subdued
tiimai taanum nanmaiyaac ciRappatee : even the evils that people want to do in fact shine forth as the good
piRaippiR celloom: we escape the karma that causes rebirth
naRavaar pon nitazinaRuntaaroon ciiraar namaccivaaya: The mantra NAMACIVAYA of BEING who appears as the one wearing golden garland of honeyed flowers of pleasant fragrance
colla valloom naavaal : we become capable of uttering that
cuRavaarung kodiyaanaip podiyaak kaNda: powdered to dust the antics of the Cupid having as his flag the Shark
cudar nayanac cootiyaiyee thodar vuRRoomee: we have attained seeing with the brilliant Third Eye of BEING (that shows only truth)
It is imposibble to bring forth the whole range of meanings buried in the metaphors and mythologies alluded to here. Sufice to say that Appar here oulines the basic motives of all metaphysical struggles of man which is also the primordial purpose of Human Existence as such i.e the attainment of SEEING with the Third Eye of BEING Himself, the discardance of seeing with the human fleshy eyes and seeing everything in the glow of of the Third Eye that only BEING can bless one with. All we human beings can do is to become FIT for this blessings and which requires that we become CLOSE TO BEING by allowing us to be transmuted into his form offering no resistances at all.
And His genuine form is one of PURITY , a purity where worldly desires are sundered and singed to ashes. The Manmathan , the Indian Cupid, is the archetype of sexual desires, that which keeps the Kundalini forever as the sexual libido. His antics are symbolically shown by the flag of the SHARK, for earthly desires function like sharks, ready to kill anyone who gets into its sharp jaws. There is NO ESCAPE from early and untimely death for those who wallow in the earthly pleasures as if they are the real pleasures.
This severance from the antics of manmatan is SHOWN by a life of simplicity where there is the avoidance of even wearing pompous clothings such as those of the political leaders who thrive by thrilling the crowds with such pomposities. There is no showmanship to impress the crowd and maintain them in AWE so that their political control over them can continue as ever.
But this dissociation with political power and hence the securities that the armies and other defences provide, does not mean one becomes weak lacking in security. For now the whole lot of celestial beings , seen here as the Rudra KaNam, i.e warrior gods come to the aid fighting on their behalf with all the enemy forces. Such detached individuals may have become isolated and single but NOT LONELY for unknown to the naked human eyes the whole lot of the celestial warriors are there as their aids.
And very importantly, their ACTIONS actually become the Malarcci VinaikaL, the actions of BEING Himself and hence actions that are NOT instrumental at all. Whatever effected are actions with BEING as their agents and only because of this the Ego becomes completely WITHDRAWN. And this withdrawal and allowing oneself function totally egoless and hence only as a locale of BEING ensures the non accumulation of Karma that throws one into an endless phenomenal circulation, the earthly life with unending existential repetition.
It is only at this stage that the meaningful uttrance of SIVAYANAMA, the mantra of Universal Processes that sustains both the phenomenal and noumenal world , becomes possible for a person. This is the Mantra that keeps the mind forever in UNIVERSALITY and the benefits of which are symbolised as the Garland of honeyed golden flowers of supremely fine and pleasant fragrance. These metaphors stand for the exultations, the Bliss that one enjoys or tastes as one continues a life as one capable of utterring openly the Namacivaya Mantra.
±ýÚõ¿¡õ Â¡Å÷ìÌõ ¨¼§Å¡ Áø§Ä¡õ
Õ¿¢Äò¾¢ø ±Áì¦¸¾¢Ã¡ Å¡Õ Á¢ø¨Ä
¦ºýÚ¿¡õ º¢Ú¦¾öÅõ §º÷§Å¡ Áø§Ä¡õ
º¢Å¦ÀÕÁ¡ý ¾¢ÕÅÊ§Â §ºÃô ¦Àü§È¡õ
´ýÈ¢É¡ü Ì¨ÈÔ¨¼§Â¡ Áø§Ä¡ Áý§È
¯ÚÀ¢½¢Â¡÷ ¦ºÈ¦Ä¡Æ¢ó¾¢ð §¼¡Êô §À¡É¡÷
¦À¡ýÈ¢É¡÷ ¾¨ÄÁ¡¨Ä Â½¢ó¾ ¦ºýÉ¢ô
Òñ½¢Â¨É ¿ñ½¢ÂÒñ ½¢ÂòÐ §Ç¡§Á.
enRumnaam yaavarkkum idaivoo malloom
irunilattil emakketiraa vaaru millai
cenRunaam ciRuteyvam ceervoo malloom
civaperumaan tiruvadiyee ceerap peRRoom
onRinaaR kuRaiyudaiyoo malloo manRee
uRupiNiyaar ceRalozintid doodip poonaar
ponRinaar talaimaalai yaNinta cennip
puNNiyanai naNNiyapuN Niyat tuLoomee
We are ever with the blessings of BEING of all blessings
wears as the head-garland a string of skulls and we are
Because of that NOT any lesser to anyone and furthermore
There are NONE equal to us in this wide world for we avoid
The worshipping of the little gods and abide forever at the FEETof BEING , the GREAT and
Because of this we are NOT LACKING in anything knowing very well that
Those who dispute all these disappear having lost all their might.
¬½Åî ¦ºÕì¸¢ý «¸ó¨¾ Á¡ó¾÷¸¨Ç ¦ÅøÅ¡ý ±ýÚ ¯½÷òÐõ
¾¨ÄÁ¡¨Ä «½¢ó¾ ¦ºýÉ¢Â¢ý º¢Å¦ÀÕÁ¡¨É, «ó¾ Òñ½¢Â¨É Å¢ÕõÀ¢ò ¦¾¡Øõ Òñ½¢ÂòÐû
¿¡õ Õì¸¢ý§È¡õ. «¾É¡ø ¿¡õ ±ýÚ§Á Â¡ÕìÌõ ¸£Æ¡ÉÅ÷ «øÄ ±ýÀ¦¾¡Î ±ÁìÌ ºÁÁ¡¸
±¾¢÷òÐ ¿¢üÀ¡÷ ó¾ ÀÃó¾ ¯Ä¸¢ø Â¡ÅÕÁ¢ø¨Ä. ±ôÀÊôÀð¼ Ýú¿¢¨ÄÂ¢Öõ ¦¾öÅí¸Ç¢ý
¦¾öÅÁ¡¸¢Â «ó¾ Á¡§¾Å¨É «øÄ¡Ð º¢Ú¦¾öÅí¸Ç¡¸¢Â ÁýÉ÷¸Ç §À¡ýÈ¡¨Ã Á¾¢òÐò
¦¾¡Æ§Å Á¡ð§¼¡õ. ¾É¡ø ¯Ä¸ Å¢ýÀò¾¢ø Ì¨ÈÔ¨¼§Â¡õ ±ýÚ ¿¢¨ÉôÀ£Ã¡Â¢ý, «ôÀÊÂ¢ø¨Ä
-- ´ýÈ¢É¡Öõ Ì¨ÈÔ¨¼§Â¡õ «ø§Ä¡õ. §ÁÖõ º¢Å¦ÀÕÁ¡¨É ¦¾¡ØÅ¨¾ ±¾¢÷òÐ ÁÉôÀ¢½¢ ¦¸¡ñÎ
ÅõÀ¢üÌ ÅÕÅ¡÷ «¨ÉÅÕõ ¾õ ¾¢ÈÉ¢ÆóÐ «Æ¢óÐ §À¡Å÷ ±ýÀ¨¾Ôõ «È¢§Å¡õ.
enRumnaam yaavarkkum idaivoo malloom: We are not ever and anywhere lesser to anyone
irunilattil emakketiraa vaaru millai: there are NONE equal to us in this wide world
cenRunaam ciRuteyvam ceervoo malloom: we shall never go and worship the little gods
civaperumaan tiruvadiyee ceerap peRRoom: we forever abide at the FEET of Siva, the BEING supreme
onRinaaR kuRaiyudaiyoo malloo manRee : and because of this we are NOT lacking in anything
uRupiNiyaar ceRalozintid doodip poonaar, ponRinaar : those who challenge us with sickly mind have lost and disappeared
talaimaalai yaNinta cennip : the BEING who wears as HIS head-garland a string of skulls
puNNiyanai naNNiyapuN Niyath tuLoomee: we are in the blessings of the BEING of all blessings
In this verse Appar articulates very succintly the elements of metaphysical courage, the primordial impulse towards martyrdom that we see also in many other world religions. The symbolism of head-garland of skulls is certainly very primitive and may appear as a sign of hidden savagery. But taken as a symbolism of the metaphysical life it means something different and stands for HEROISM that is certainly part of metaphysical life. Siva, the BEING most often appears as the DESTROYER; for the EVILS in the world must be DESTROYED in order for the DIVINE to rule. In the world, particularly in the political life there is always MORAL CONFLICT with tyrannical individuals trying to suppress and repress the common people in order to enjoy being worshiped by them as earthly gods. The powerful individuals whether in politics or religion want to USURP the place of BEING and want to enthrone themselves as the GOD almighty to whom the people must submit unquestioningly. Such arrogant individuals must be FOUGHT WITH even if it means death and Appar stands out as one who did it and emerged not a martyr but a HERO who vanquished all his foes, they being the Jains of the times among whom was the mighty Pallava emperor who wanted to subdue him and threatened to kill him towards that.
For Appar such individuals are the little gods whom, he says , the worshippers of SIVA, the BEING Supreme will NEVER at all worship. To worship BEING means not worshiping anything below BEING whether they are deities or mighty kings trying to become deities. The worship of BEING is the HIGHEST and hence woshipping anything else would mean a FALL, submitting to the pull that pulls one DOWN.
Now it should also be noted that BEING as LOVE cannot be a head-hunter and hence gruesome as some hasty individuals would immediately say. The symbolism of chopping off the head which is MYTHOLOGICAL is like a DREAM-IMAGE where it means the REPLACEMENT the head of IGNORANCE with the head of ILLUMINATION. BEING only TRANSMUTES and purifies by replacing the existing evil-prone personality with something purer and more divine. The political and metaphysical struggles all over the world have this as the underlying transpersonal meaning!
And to be blessed with this archetypal presentation of BEING is the supreme reward the metaphyscially courageous individuals earn and which makes them feel they are NOT below anybody but rather ABOVE them and that they are NOT lacking at all in anything. For the capacity to DEFEAT all the foes also means earning the RIGHTS to enjoy all the PLEASURES of life that provides genuine FULFILLMENT. The GOOD in life pertains only to the heroic individuals just like only the brave youth who defeats the bull wins over the heart and the hands of the most beautiful damsel.
The genuine and everlasting happiness is a REWARD and it is enjoyed only by the truly valiant and that too only at the end of their metaphysical battles and emerge a HERO in that.
ã×ÕÅ¢ý Ó¾ÖÕÅ¡ö Õ¿¡ý ¸¡É
ã÷ò¾¢§Â ¦ÂýÚÓô ÀòÐ ãÅ÷
§¾Å÷¸Ùõ Á¢ì§¸¡Õï º¢ÈóÐ Å¡úòÐõ
¦ºõÀÇò ¾¢Õ§ÁÉ¢î º¢Å§É ¦ÂýÛõ
¿¡×¨¼Â¡÷ ¿¨ÁÂ¡Ç ×¨¼Â¡ Ãý§È
¿¡ÅÄó¾£ Å¸ò¾¢ÛìÌ ¿¡¾ Ã¡É
¸¡ÅÄ§Ã §ÂÅ¢ Å¢Îò¾¡ §ÃÛí
¸¼ÅÁø§Ä¡õ ¸Î¨Á¦Â¡Î ¸ÇÅü §È¡§Á
muuvuruvin mutaluruvaay irunaan kaana
muurttiyee yenRumup pattu muuvar
teevarkaLum mikkorunj ciRantu vaazttum
cempalLavat tirumeeni civanee ennum
naavudaiyaar namaiyaaLa vudaiyaa ranRee
naavalantii vakattinukku naata raana
kaavalaree yeevi viduttaa reenung
kadavamalloom kadumaiyodu kaLaR Roomee
As long as we remain blessed with the name of CIVA forever in the mouth
Who rules us standing with us as the brilliantly red BEING of absolute PURITY
BEING who stands as the most primordial of the THREE major archetypal presentations and
Also emerges as the UNIVERSE and hence ONE with eight forms and praised as such
By the thirty three devas and such other celestial beings
We are NOT obliged to obey the royal commands not just of this king but even the king of the whole wide world
For we are FREE of VIOLANCE as well as GREED to own lands and properties, and snatching it from others.
«Ãý «Ã¢ «Âý ±ýÛõ ã×ÕÅ¢ý Ó¾Ä¡¸×õ , ó¾ ÀÃó¾
À¢ÃÀïº§Á ¾¡É¡¸ ¿¢üÌõ «ð¼ã÷ò¾¢Â¡¸×õ, ôÀÊ ÓôÀòÐÓì§¸¡Ê §¾Å÷¸Ç¡Öõ ÕÊ
¸½í¸Ç¡Öõ "¦ºõÀÇò ¾¢Õ§ÁÉ¢ º¢Å§É!" ±ýÚ §À¡üÈ¢ò ¦¾¡ÆôÀÎõ
Å¨¸Â¢ø «ô§À¡üÈ¢ Â¡Å÷ ¿¡Å¢ø Å¢¼¡Ð Å¢ÇíÌ¸¢È§¾¡ «Å÷¸¨Ç ¬ûÀÅÉ¡¸ îº¢Å§É Å¢ÇíÌ¸¢ýÈ¡ý.
«¾É¢ý «¸ò§¾ ÅýÓ¨È ÀÂ¢Äò ¾Õõ ¸Î¨ÁÔõ ¿¡Î¸¨ÇÔõ À¢È÷ ¯¨¼¨Á¸¨ÇÔõ «À¸Ã¢òÐì
¦¸¡ûÇ§ÅñÎõ ±ýÈ ¸Ç×î º¢ó¨¾Ôõ øÄ¡Ð §À¡¸, ó¾ ¿¡ðÊý §Åó¾ý Á¡ò¾¢Ãõ «øÄ ó¾
¯Ä¸ò¨¾§Â ¬Ùõ §Åó¾É¡¸¢Öõ µ÷ ¬¨½ À¢ÈôÀ¢ò¾¡ø «¾üÌ «¼í¸¢§Â¡÷ ¿¡õ
muuvuruvin mutaluruvaay: The most primordial of the THREE major presentations as Aran Ari and Ayan
irunaan kaana muurttiyee : thou art also the BEING who has become this universe assuming the Eight Fold forms
yenRumup pattu muuvar teevarkaLum mikkorunj ciRantu vaazttum : thus being praised by the thirty three devas and other celestiall beings
cempalLavat tirumeeni civanee ennum: BEING with a form glowing RED
naavudaiyaar namaiyaaLa vudaiyaa ranRee: those who are blessed to utter thus are also ruled by HIM
naavalantii vakattinukku naata raana kaavalaree yeevi viduttaa reenung : even if commanded by the King of the whole world
kadavamalloom : we are NOT obliged to obey
kadumaiyodu kaLaR Roomee: for we are FREE of Violance and GREED
One cannot but lament the utter neglect of the serious and modern studies among the Tamil with regard to the wisdom buried in their ancient literature particularly the hymns. They are just sung as if they are simply prayers, mantras of a kind and in this FAIL to notice the enormous metaphysical insights they embody and how these metaphysical insights were gained in the course of IMMENSE SOCIAL STRUGGLES against the various forces of reppression and suppression. And here in this verse we have the philosophy of Satyagraka being articulated not simply by an appeal to Ahimsa but rather with the UNDERSTADING of the real roots of political wars and for which purpose such wars are waged by the kings.
For the local politics , as opposed to the metapolitics that Appar fought for and articulates in this patikam, is founded upon VIOLANCE and GREED and hence economical and egological- the craze for enjoying POWER over others and amass wealth as for oneself. The phrase Kadumai ARRal stands for non-violance and the practice of Ahimsa and KaLavu ARRal, that of absence of greed to take possession of the lands and wealth of others as our own. When these desires are rooted out from the heart, the primordial impulses towards political wars cease to be there and a person who has ALREADY REACHED this state of Being can never be part of this local politics. He transcends such political membership not just to his own nation but FOR ANY king and hence for any nation whatever. The entry into the realm of metapolitics transposes an individual into another world beyond the reach of the power crazy and economically greedy kings no matter how mighty they are.
And what accomplishes this transposition?
The acceptance of BEING , who rules this vast universe including the celestial, is also the one who rules oneself from within. But why in this context the name Civa and that he GLOWS in RED is mentioned at all?
For CIVA as LOVE only breeds LOVE and compassion and hence institutes a non-violant disposition in the hearts of whoever understands HIM as thus and keeps on muttering that NAME as a way firming oneself in that way of Being. And the RED glow signifies the burning of ALL DESIRES and hence becoming PURE without any GREED.
The worship of BEING as such is NOT just simply transformational, it is also immensely UPLIFTING, it TRANSPOSES one into the realms of metapolitics by FREEING one from political bondages founded upon violance and economic greed. This transposition is also PURIFYING self from all the elements within that urges on an individual with all kinds mundane desires, even of the religious kind that seek to enslave the mind of others.
¿¢üÀÉ×õ ¿¼ôÀÉ×õ ¿¢ÄÛõ ¿£Õõ
¦¿ÕôÀ¢¦É¡Î ¸¡üÈ¡¸¢ ¦¿ÎÅ¡ É¡¸¢
«üÀ¦Á¡Î ¦ÀÕ¨ÁÔÁ¡ö «Õ¨Á Â¡¸¢
«ýÒ¨¼Â¡÷ì ¦¸Ç¢¨ÁÂ¾¡ö «Çì¸Ä¡¸¡ò
¾üÀÃÁ¡öî º¾¡º¢ÅÁ¡öò ¾¡Ûõ Â¡Ûõ
¬¸¢ýÈ ¾ý¨ÁÂ¨É ¿ý¨Á§Â¡Îõ
¦À¡üÒ¨¼Â §Àºì ¸¼§Å¡õ §ÀÂ÷
§ÀÍÅÉ §ÀÍÐ§Á À¢¨ÆÂü §È¡§Á
niRpanavum nadappanavum nilanum niirum
nerupppinodu kaaRRaaki neduvaa naaki
aRpamodu perumaiyumaay arumai yaaki
anbudaiyaark keLimaiyathaay aLakkalaakaat
taRparamaay cataacivamaayt taanum yaanum
aakinRa tanmaiyanai nanmaiyoodum
poRpudaiya peesak kadavoom peeyar
peecuvana peecutumee pizaiyaR Roomee
«¨ºÂ¡Ð ¿¢üÀÉ «¨ºóÐ ¿¼ôÀÉÅ¡¸¢Â ¯Â¢÷¸Ç¡¸×õ ¯Â¢ÃüÈ «º¢òÐì¸Ç¡¸ ¿¢Äý ¿£÷ ¦¿ÕôÒ ¸¡üÚ ¦¿ÎÅ¡ý ¬¸¢Â ³õâ¾í¸û ¾¡É¡¸×õ §ÁÖõ Ì½í¸Ç¢ø «üÀ¦Á¡Î ¦ÀÕ¨ÁÂ¡É¾¡¸×õ §ÁÖõ «Õ¨ÁÂ¡¸ «¨¼¾üÌÃ¢Â¾¡¸×õ Å¢ÇíÌõ ¨ÈÅ¨É; º¡ò¾¢Ãõ µ¾¢ Ü÷ò¾Á¾¢Â¡ø «È¢Â¦Å¡ñ½¡¾ÅÉ¡¸ , «ýÒ¨¼Â÷ì§¸ ±Ç¢¨ÁÂÉ¡¸ , ±ó¾Å¢¾ «Ç¨Å¸Ç¡Öõ ýÉ¡ý ò¾ý¨ÁÂý ±ýÚ «Çì¸Ä¡ò¾ý¨ÁÂ¢ý ¬¸§Å «ôÀ¡Öì¸ôÀ¡ø ¿¢ü¸¢ýÈ ¾üÀÃÁ¡ö ¬É¡ø «§¾ ¦À¡ØÐ ôÀ¡ø Â¡íÌõ Â¡ñÎõ ¿¢ü¸¢ýÈ º¾¡º¢ÅÁ¡ö ¬¸¢ýÈ¨ÁÂ¨É, ¾¡§ÉÂ¡ö ¾É¢òÐ Â¡§ÉÂ¡ö ¸ÄóÐõ ¿¢ü¸ ÅøÄ¡¨É, §À¡üÈ¢ô Ò¸úóÐ Ð¾¢òÐ §Àºì¸¼§Å¡Á¡¸¢Â Â¡õ, ¦À¡Õû ¿îº¢ «Ãº÷¸ðÌ «ÊÀ½¢óÐ «Å÷¸û Å¢ÕõÒÁ¡Ú §ÀÂ÷¸û §À¡ø §Àºì ¸¼§Å¡õ «ø§Ä¡õ ±ýÀ¦¾¡Î ùÅ¡Ú ÁÚôÀÐ À¢¨ÆÂüÈÐ ±ýÚõ «È¢§Å¡õ.
We are given over to praising with understanding the BEING who pervades
both the mobile and immobile creatures, the physical world of earth water
fire wind and vast sky; BEING who founds the psychological qualities of
good and the bad as well those that are rare to achieve; BEING despite
being immeasurable in terms of any conceptual categories but remains someone
who can easily be understood by those who develop LOVE ; BEING though the
WHOLLY OTHER and beyond the reach of the human mind is THERE as Cataaciva,
BEING-as- the -WORLD and all in it; BEING who is while of capable
being ALONE as HE is HIMSELF is also capable of being what I am.
When we are destined to praise BEING as such how can we talk like
the mad crowd the words that please the worldly kings? In denying such
kind of speech, we also know that we are NOT in the wrong
niRpanavum nadappanavum : BEING who stands as the mobile and immobile sentient creatures
nilanum niirum nerupppinodu kaaRRaaki neduvaa naaki: the earth , the waters, the fire, the wind and the vast sky
aRpamodu prumaiyumaay arumai yaaki: the qualities the good and bad as well as the rare to achieve
anbudaiyaark keLimaiyathaay : easy to understand only for those full of LOVE
aLakkalaakaat taRparamaay : the WHOLLY OTHER and beyond the reach of any catogries
cataacivamaayt : appearing as Cataciva i.e the WORLD- as - a-WHOLE
taanum yaanum aakinRa tanmaiyanai : who is capable of both to be wholly Himself and at the same time wholly myself
nanmaiyoodu poRpudaiya beesak kadavoom: we are obliged to praise such a BEING with understanding
peeyar peecuvana peecuthumee : as such will we ever speak like the mad crowd the ordinary speech (that would please the kings)
pizaiyaR Roomee: we are NOT wrong in denying this
Let us take a deep breath and try to understand the tremendous implications of these words Appar whereby he UPROOTS the whole foundation of Sangam culture of the Tamils as well as the political culture of mass media of today, the media of mundane speech , the speech of the mad crowd , the Peeyar, according to Appar. For such speech at the bottomost level are egological and full of greed for wealth and power. One praises the King or the political leaders for some kind of FAVOUR , to get as rewards wealth and so forth. We also scold him when we fail in it somehow. The whole lot of PuRam literature of the Sangam period was as such, mostly eulogies and which earned lands and gold for the poet. The poems of protest were also poems of disgust at being NOT rewarded. Even the Aham literature was collected and arranged only on the command of the Kings. Here we have all this literature being thrown out as the speech of mad crowd, speech which have such mean intentions as the primordial impulses.
This is applicable even today to the mass media which thrives with various hidden agendas - racial hatred, intentions to colonise , ideological propoganda, religious hegemony and what not. Even the academic "research" is NOT free from such prejudices. The true OBJECTIVITY that one would expect is hardly met with.
Appar throws away the whole range of such speech and calls for the MEATAPHYSICAL language, the language that talks of BEING, BEING as understood as above , uncanny and immensely mysterious, BEYOND the reach of understanding in terms of any mental categories but within the reach of those with genuine LOVE and so forth.
Here comes the CLUE for this mental revolution and uprooting the whole of Sangam culture and the foundation of the political culture everywhere. For all these cultures in being predominantly egological WILL NOT PROMOTE the LOVE that cares for ALL despite any social restrictions . The LOVE that humanises an individual in spirtualising him makes him TRANSEND all BOUNDARIES, national ethnic linguistic and what not. It is life moving in SPIRITUAL FREEDOM, a freedom in which one exercises LOVE without considering any of the identities that found group dynamics. One helps NOT because he is a member of the family , the clan, the nation , the cult group, the religious group and so forth. All these are the MAD CROWD for Appar and he says that speech of such people is NOT for him and that he KNOWS that in rejecting it as such he is NOT doing anything wrong.
Here Appar touches the real roots of communism or socialism but with a metaphysics with a deeper reach than Karl Marx or any other political philosophers of the world.
®º¨É ±ù×Ä¸¢ÛìÌõ ¨ÈÅý ¾ý¨É
¨ÁÂÅ÷¾õ ¦ÀÕÁ¡¨É ±Ã¢Â¡ö Á¢ì¸
§¾º¨Éî ¦ºõ§ÁÉ¢ ¦Åñ½£ü È¡¨Éî
º¢ÄõÀ¨ÃÂý ¦À¡üÀ¡¨Å ¿Äï¦ºö ¸¢ýÈ
§¿º¨É ¿¢ò¾Öõ ¿¢¨ÉÂô ¦Àü§È¡õ
¿¢ýÚñÀ¡÷ ±õ¨Á ¿¢¨ÉÂî ¦º¡ýÉ
Å¡º¸õ ±øÄ¡õ ÁÈó§¾¡õ «ý§È
Åó¾£÷ ¬÷ ÁýÉÅý ¬Å¡ý ¾¡ý ¬§Ã
iicanai evvulakinukkum iRaivan tannai
imaiyavartam perumaanai eriyaay mikka
teecanai cemmeeni veNNiiR Raanaic
cilambaraiyan poRpaavai nalanj ceykinRa
neecanai nittalum ninaiyaip peRRoom
ninRuNbaar emmai ninaiyac conna
vaacakam ellaam maRantoom anRee
vantiir aar mannavan aavaan taan aaree
±øÄ¡ «¾¢¸¡Ãò¨¾Ôõ ¾ý¦É¡Î ¨ÅòÐ¦¸¡ñÊÕìÌõ ®º¨É, «¾É¡ø ÂøÀ¡¸§Å ±øÄ¡ ¯Ä¸¢ÛìÌõ ¾¨ÄÅÉ¡¸¢Â ¨ÈÅ¨É, §¾Å¡¾¢ §¾Å÷¸Ùì¦¸øÄ¡õ ¾¨ÄÅÉ¡¸ Å¢ÇíÌõ ¦ÀÕÁ¡¨É; ¾£ì¨¸¸û ¦ºöÅ¢òÐ º¢Å»¡Éõ ¦¸¡ÙóÐÅ¢ðÎ ±Ã¢Âò¾Õõ ¦¿ÕôÀ¡¨É «¾É¢ý º¢ÅôÀ¢Ã¸¡º ÅòÐÅ¡¸ ¾¢¸ú¸¢ýÈÅ¨É, Íò¾ò¨¾§Â ¦¸¡ñÎ ÅÕõ ¸Õò¾¢ý ¾¢Õ¦Åñ½£üÈ¡¨É, ôÀÊ ¾£ì¨¸ ¦ºöÂÅøÄ¡É¡¸¢Öõ ¾½¢ì¨¸¦ºöÔõ ÅøÄÅÉ¡¸ º¢ÄõÀ¨ÃÂý ¾¢ÕÁ¸Ç¡¸¢Â À¡÷Å¾¢§¾Å¢¨Â Á½ï¦ºöÐ ¯Ä¸¢üÌ ¿Äï¦ºöÔõ «ýÀ¨É ¿¡í¸û ÁÈÅ¡§¾ ¿¢ò¾Öõ ¿¢¨ÉóÐ Å¡ú¸¢ý§È¡õ. ¬¾Ä¢ý µ÷ «ÃºÉ¢ý ¬¾ÃÅ¢ø ¿¢ýÚñÀ¡÷ ±ý¨ÉÔõ «ùÅ¡§È Å¡ØõÀÊ ¦ºöÂ «Å÷¸û ÅüÒÚò¾¢ §À¡¾¢ò¾ Å¡º¸í¸û «¨ÉòÐõ ¦À¡öÂ¡ö Å£úó¦¾¡Æ¢Â «Åü¨È ±øÄ¡õ ÁÈó§¾¡õ. ôÀÊÂ¢Õì¸ ±¨Éì ¸¡½ ÅóÐû§Ç¡÷¸§Ç, ¿£÷ Â¡Å¢÷? ÁýÉÅý ±ýÀ¡ý ¾¡ý Â¡÷?
We are forever living in the thoughts of BEING who is the LEADER and the LORD of all the worlds, the highest among all the celestial beings, who appears as the brilliant flame in order to singe to ashes all the dirt in the bosom of the anmas , who appears wearing the ashes all over the body to indicate that He is the source of all PURITIES and who conjoins with undiminishing LOVE the FEMALE, Parvathi, the daughter of the King of the Hills to produce the world and everything in it. And as such you who live at the mercy of the Local King : Listen! I have forgotten all the indoctrinations forced upon me. And who are you really? And who is really the King?
iicanai evvulakinukkum iRaivan tannai: BEING, the Most Powerful and who is the Lord of all the worlds
imaiyavartam perumaanai: the Highest among all the celestial beings
eriyaay mikkaeecanai : the Fire who shines resplendently
cemmeeni veNNiiR Raanaic: who wears the ashes all over the whole the red body
cilambaraiyan poRpaavai nalanj ceykinRa neecanai : the ONE who conjoined with undiminishing LOVE the FEMALE, the daughter of the King of Hills
nittalum ninaiyaip peRRoom : we are given over to think of HIM always
ninRuNbaar emmai ninaiyac conna vaacakam ellaam maRantoom anRee : we have forgotten all the indoctrinations that people who lived at the mercy of the King forced upon me to remember
vantiir aar : Who are you really?
mannavan aavaan taan aaree: and who really deserves to be the king?
Appar outlines here another politically explosive issue which have been forgotten for so long and which we needs to be recaptured again. For he raises the fundamental political question of who is really the King along with the metaphysical question of what is really the essence of human beings.
All human beings OUGHT to be the subject of only BEING, that is the human essence but which is lost sight of because of the metaphysical ignorance that prevails naturally. The political system capitalises on this IGNORANCE and props up a miserable individual as the King and sometimes even the God through a system of propaganda and indocrinations. The ordinary literature sustains this idealogy and surreptiously conditions the mind to perpetuate this slavery. Thus ordinary people- the NinRu Unpaar-- those who gain their subsistence by subscribing to this ideology and perpetuate it without knowing that that is NOT their essence.
The real Lord is BEING, HE who brings into PRESENCE the world and everythiing in it, by conjoining the FEMALE and sustains it by remainging the LORD of all the worlds including the celestial beings. HE is the most powerful in addition to being the most PURE and BENIGN
For those who been uplifted into these metaphysical realms their King is this BEING and NOT the miserable individuals who proclaim themselves as the King in imitation of BEING and sustain it through propagandist literature that seeks to INDOCTRINATE the individuals at the pain of various kinds of THREATS.
Appar remains adamant and boldly and clearly declares, perhaps for the first time in Indian History that he has forgotten all these "ninaiyac conna vaacakam", words forced into his head and made to remember. But all these are NO MORE, thay have fallen and disappeared just like darkness on the rise of daylight. The daylight here is the metaphysical illumination, the Civanjaanam, the TRUTH which also discloses the essence of BEING.
For individuals who live forever in the thoughts of BEING and hence TRUTH, the propagandist ideas will NOT matter at all and cease to determine their way of Being in the world. They LIVE but NOT subject to the dictates and commands of the political powers and the literature and media that sustains it.
º¨¼Ô¨¼Â¡ý ºí¸ì Ì¨Æ§Â¡÷ ¸¡¾ý
º¡õÀÖõ À¡õÒõ «½¢ó¾ §ÁÉ¢
Å¢¨¼Ô¨¼Â¡ý §Åí¨¸ «¾û §ÁÄ¡¨¼
¦ÅûÇ¢§À¡ü ÒûÇ¢Ô¨Æ Á¡ý§¾¡ø º¡÷ó¾
¯¨¼Ô¨¼Â¡ý ¿õ¨Á ¯¨¼Â¡ý ¸ñË÷
¯õ§Á¡Î ÁüÚõ ¯ÇÃ¡ö ¿¢ýÈ
À¨¼Ô¨¼Â¡ý À½¢§¸ðÌõ À½¢§Â¡õ «ø§Ä¡õ
À¡ºõ «È Å£Íõ ÀÊ§Â¡õ ¿¡§Á
cadaiyudaiyaan cangkak kuzaiyoor kaatan
caambalum paambum aNinta meeni
vidaiudaiyaan veengkai ataL meelaadai
veLLippoR puLLiyuzai maantool caarnta
udaiyudaiyaan nammai udaiyaan kaNdiir
ummodu maRRum uLaraay ninRa
padaiyudaiyaan paNikeedkum paNiyoom alloom
paacam aRa viicum padiyoom naamee
±õ¨Á ¬ð¦¸¡ñÎ ±õ¨Á ¯¨¼Â¡É¡¸ ±í¸¨Ç ¿Ä§Á ¦ºÖòÐÀÅÉ¡¸ ÕôÀÐ, «¸¢Ä¦ÁíÌõ ¾ÉÐ Àïº¸¢Õò¾¢Âí¸Ç¡ø ¿¢¨Èó¾¢ÕìÌõ º¨¼Ô¨¼Â¡ý, «¨Éò¨¾Ôõ «Æ¢òÐ ¬ìÌó ¾¢ÈòÐ ¬ñ¦Àñ½¡¸¢Â ÅÊÅ¢ý ºí¸ì Ì¨Æ§Â¡÷ ¸¡¾ý, ÁüÚõ «ÂÃ¡Ð ¯¨ÆôÀ¾¢üÌ §ÅñÊÂ Å£Ã¢Âò¨¾ ¿øÌõ ¾¢ÈòÐ Å¢¨¼Ô¨¼Â¡ý, ¾£ì¨¸Â¢ý º¡õÀ¨ÄÔõ ¾½¢ì¨¸Ôõ À¡õÀ¢¨ÉÔõ ¯¨¼ÂÅý ±É×õ, º¢ÉóÐ ¯Õò¾¢Ãò ¾¡ñ¼Åõ ¬¼ÅøÄ¡É¡¸ Å¢ÇíÌõ §Åí¨¸ §¾¡¨Ä «¨Ãì¸¢¨ºò¾Åý ±ýÀ¦¾¡Î ¸Õ¨½Â¢ý ¦Áý¨ÁÂ¢ý Á¡ý§¾¡¨ÄÔõ ¯¨¼Â¡¸ ¦¸¡ñ¼Åý ±ýÀ¨¾ ¸¡Ïí¸û! ôÀÊ Õì¸ , ÅÉÐ «ÕÇ¡ø À¢½¢ò¾¢ÕìÌõ À¡ºí¸¨Ç «È Å£Íõ ¦ºÂø¸Ç¢ø ®ÎÀÎ§Å¡§Áò ¾Å¢Ã, ¯õ¨ÁÔõ ÁüÚõ ýÛõ ÀÄ¨ÃÔõ ¾ÁìÌ «ÊÀ½¢óÐ ¦ºÂÄ¡üÚõ Å¨¸Â¢ø ¾ÉÐ À¨¼Â¡¸ì ¦¸¡ñÎ À¡ºò¾¨Ç¸Ç¢ø ¦¾¡¼÷óÐ ±í¸¨Ç Å£úòÐõ À½¢¸¨Ç§Â ¦ºöÔÁ¡Ú ó¾ «Ãºý §Åñ¼, «ò¾¨¸Âô À½¢¸¨Ç Â¡õ Â¡ñÎõ ¦ºö§Å¡õ «ø§Ä¡õ.
We are ruled by BEING who has taken possession of us, the BEING
who in addition to being absolutely TRANSCENDENT is also IMMANENT
dancing with the long tuft spread out fully, BEING who destroys and
regenerates and hence who appears as the MALE-FEMALE, BEING who provides
the VIRILITY needed by all through assuming the archetypal form with the
BULL, BEING who shows Himself as the one one burns to ashes every
dirt and at the same time who provides the necessary psychic energy
through the snake HE wears , BEING who gets angry and violantly destroys
the evil as the archetype of who wears the tiger-skin and at same time
gentle and benign as shown by the attire of the deer -skin with silver
spots all over. You must see this and note that we are obliged only to
the actions of BEING that would secure LIBERATION from the snares that
condition the earthly life and as such we certainly will not do the
political actions of the local king to whose armies you belong!
cadaiyudaiyaan : BEING with the hair spread out fully
cangkak kuzaiyoor kaatan: BEING who appears as MALE-FEMALE with conch shells worn in one of the ears
caambalum paambum aNinta meeni: who smears Himself with the ashes but also wears the snake as neck garland
vidaiudaiyaan : BEING with the BULL of virility
veengkai ataL meelaadai veLLippoR puLLiyuzai maantool caarnta udaiyudaiyaan : BEING who has as HIS attire the skin of the fiery tiger as well as that of the gentle deer with silver spots
nammai udaiyaan kaNdiir: see that we are possessed by such a BEING
ummodu maRRum uLaraay ninRa padaiyudaiyaan : the king who has you and others as his army
paNikeedkum paNiyoom alloom: we are NOT obliged to do the political actions that are required of us
paacam aRa viicum padiyoom naamee: we are only to do the actions that would LIBERATE us from the snares of mundane existence
Appar continues his tirade against the local political system and now directed at the POLITICAL MACHINERY that sustains an individual as the King. A king can continue to be a King only in a political system that is sustained by an army of different types of individuals. Thus the POWER of the King comes to be only because of the COMPLIANCE of the people who opt to become his servants doing as bidden by him and who bids in such a way that the political system continues to survive and he as the king. But this kind of life is a life in worldly snares, a life that perpetuates the metaphysical ignorance in which people are already. Thus it does NOT constitude a life where actions that LIBERATE the soul can be effected. Such actions will certainly be DISALLOWED and worse still even discouraged severely.
The citizenship to metaphysical world of BEING provides for him an alternative,
that unlike the socio-political LIBERATES the individuals and where only
actions that are liberating will be strongly favoured and fostered.
This is another system that is also available in existence-- that
of metapolitical system with all kinds of armies of BEING.
First BEING is there whereby as the Pancakritiyan , HE who conceals an reveals and in revealing produces, sustains and destroys. He is also the MALE-FEMALE and hence the POWER underlying the sexual dynamics and hence HE who controls the sexual libido and hence the happiness in general. In this HE also burns to ashes the impurities and replenishes the anmas with the much needed psychic energy that reactivates the sexuality and infuses new dynamics. HE is also the BULL of VIRILITY that provides a healthy and youthful body and hence the GROUND of good health. And also HE is the supremely ETHICAL who bounces upon the immoral like a tiger but would and at the same time GRACE those who repent and reform with kindness and gentility like the sanguine deers These are the TANTRAS, the strategies in the WAR GAME that HE conducts throughout and to which all of us are subject to whether we like it or not.
The ordinary political processes and the machinery that maintains it, sustains only the life of ensnarement and does NOT have the powers such as those of BEING to work towards liberation. BEING has control over the FUNDAMENTAL PROCESSES of life where else the king only over a small fragment of it and that too with a very fragile hold on it -- it lasts only as long as the people consent to be his army.
Weighing both, APPAR opts for the Universe of BEING-as-Civa as that which is beneficial to him as it is to all.
¿¡Å¡Ã ¿õÀ¨É§Â À¡¼ô ¦Àü§È¡õ
¿¡½üÈ¡÷ ¿ûÇ¡§Á Å¢ûÇô ¦Àü§È¡õ
¬Å¡±ýÚ ±¨Á ¬ûÅ¡ý «ÁÃ÷ ¿¡¾ý
«Â¦É¡ÎÁ¡ü ¸È¢ÅÃ¢Â «ÉÄ¡ö ¿£ñ¼
§¾Å¡¾¢ §¾Åý º¢Å¦Éý º¢ó¨¾
§º÷ó¾¢Õó¾¡ý ¦¾ý¾¢¨ºì §¸¡ý ¾¡§É ÅóÐ
§¸¡Å¡Êì Ìü§ÈÅø ¦ºö¦¸ý È¡Öõ
Ì½Á¡¸ì ¦¸¡û§Ç¡õ ±ñÌ½òÐ§Ç¡§Á
naavaara nambanaiyee paadap peRRoom
naanaRRaar naLLaame viLLappeRRoom
aavaa enRu emai aaLvaan amarar naatan
ayanoodumaaR kaRivariya analaay niiNda
teevaati teevan civanen cintai
ceerntiruntaan tenticaikkoon taanee vantu
koovaadik kuRReeval ceyken Raalum
kuNamaakak koLLoom eNkuNattuLLoomee
¦¾öÅ£¸ô À¡¼ø¸¨Ç§Â ¨ÈÅÉÊ «¨¼Â ¦À¡Õó¾¢ ÅÕõ ¯ò¾¢Â¡¸ì
¦¸¡ñÎ ¿¡Å¡Ã À¡ÊôÀ¡Ê Á¸¢Øõ §ÀÈ¢¨Éô ¦ÀüÚû§Ç¡õ; Æ¢×¸¨Ç ¿¡½¡Ð µõÒÅ¡¨Ã Å¢ÕõÀ¡Ð
´Ðí¸¢ ¿¢üÌõ ¾¢Èò¨¾ ¦ÀüÚû§Ç¡õ; ¾É¡ø ÅÕ¸ ÅÕ¸ ±ýÚ ±ýÚ§Á ¾¢Èó¾ ÁÉò§¾¡Î ÅÃ§ÅüÌõ
º¢ÈôÀ¢ý º¢Å¦ÀÕÁ¡ý; «ÂÛõ ¾¢ÕÁ¡Öõ «Å¨É «È¢óÐ §¾È¡Å¨¸ ¬¾¢Ôõ «ó¾ÓÁ¢øÄ¡ «Õð¦ÀÕï§º¡¾¢Â¡Ôõ
¾¨Éì ¸¡ðÊÂÕÇ¢Â º¢Å¦ÀÕÁ¡ý; ¾É¡ø «ÁÃ÷ ¾ý ¾¨ÄÅÉ¡¸ §¾Å¡¾¢ §¾ÅÉ¡öò
¾¢¸Øõ º¢Å¦ÀÕÁ¡§É ±¨Á ¬Ç, Â¡Á¡¸¢ §º÷ó¾¢Õì¸ ±øÄ¡ ¯Â÷ ¿Ä Ì½í¸Ç¢ø º¢ÈóÐ Å¢ÇíÌõ
¾¢ùÅ¢Â Ì½ò¾¢ÉÃ¡¸ ¿¡õ ÕìÌõ ¦À¡ØÐ, «ó¾ ÜüÚÅ§É «Ãº §¸¡Äí¦¸¡ñÎ ±¨Éì Ìü§ÈÅø
¦ºö¸¦ÅÉ ÅüÒÚò¾¢É¡Öõ, ¿¢ýÚ Á½ìÌõ ¾¢ùÅ¢Â Ì½í¸û ¦¸Îõ Å¨¸Â¢ø «Åü¨È ¦ºö§Å¡õ
We are given over to attaining BEING through singing hymns so pleasing to the soul We are also blessed with no desire for the company of those people not ashamed of evil and unbecoming qualities. And on top of that we remain most welcome to the abode of BEING, HE who defeated Ayan, the God of scriptures and Thirumaal, the God of the manifest universe by disclosing Himself as the FLAME with upper and lower limits beyond their reach, and WHO because of this remains the God of the gods, becomes our LORD who rules us by Being us and through which allows us the enjoyment of all noble qualities in life. As against this we are NOT inclined to obey and be submissive to the King who may be the God of death himself threatening with dealth penalties when meeting with disobedience from us.
naavaara nambanaiyee paadap peRRoom: we are given over to singing the hymns so pleasing to the soul
naanaRRaar naLLaame viLLappeRRoom: we are blessed with not wishing the company of those individuals who are not ashamed of the evil and unbecoming qualities
aavaa enRu emai aaLvaan amarar naatan: BEING the lord of the celestial beings rules us always inviting to HIS world
ayanodumaaR kaRivariya analaay niiNda teevaati teevan civan : the God of the gods who disclosed Himself as the Flame the upper and lower limits of which were beyond the reach of Ayan, the God of the scriptures and Thirumaal, the God of the manifest world
en cintai ceerntiruntaan: BEING remains in my soul as that HE Himself
tenticaikkoon taanee vantu koovaadik kuRReeval ceyken Raalum : even if the God of death in the guise of this King demands submission and obedience
kuNamaakak koLLoom eNkuNattuLLoomee : we will take them as unbecoming of us as we are with all the noble qualities of BEING
Appar begins here another line of attack against political submission that can be coercive and even may mete out death penalties for the defiant individuals as it happened really to Appar. We have from his own words that he was pushed into the sea with a rock tied to his back so that he would drown and die. But he escaped miraculasly by chanting the mantra NAMASIVAYA and survived by reaching the shores of Punaluur about which he has also sung many hymns
This verse is important PSYCHOLOGICALLY as it is also socio-politically for it touches upon the FEELINGS that would condition the PERSONALITY structure of a person. Appar claims that the life of submission and obedience to the local king and in modern times to the political leadership will NOT FOSTER the growth of the most excellent and NOBLE qualites and hence something NOT to be desired by those who cherish a way of life in which one always wants the noblest sentiments guiding the socio-political existence.
In this verse also emerge the essence of AGAMISM, why Hymnology is raised
to the level being the most effective TECHNOLOGY for Being with BEING
and allowing HIM to rule the person. For the Divine ILLUMINATION is BEYOND
the reach of the WORDS and hence beyond literature of any kind including
the scriptures. Scriptural exegetics may clear away some confusions
and illuminate certain matters but ABSLOUTE ILLUMINATION can be enjoyed
only if we TRANSCEND all the scriptures for such an illumination being
Non-thetic is BEYOND LANGUAGE even of the scripture type. And it is also
BEYOND the Hermeneutic Understanding which confines understanding to the
phenomenal, the MANIFEST , here indicated by the notion of being
beyond Thirumaal, the Lord of Manifest Universe. BEING is a FLAME the upper
and lower limits of which remain UNFATHOMABLE by such efforts and hence
BEING supremely MYSTERIOUS and always the victorious because as such.
How are we to ATTAIN a nearness, a proximity with such a BEING? The singing of HYMNS is the way for the hymns over and above all the other efforts MELTS the heart and TOUCHING the soul LIFTS IT UP to a higher existential plain and through that write in fundamental changes in personality. Being transposed to a higher level of existence is simultaneuos with personality development , the persuing of existence only with noble sentiments including the socio-political existence. In this the HIGHEST possiblity is made availble when BEING HIMSELF is allowed to RULE the individual and at which point emerges the "eNkuNam" the term that simply means all the noble qualities that sustains one in divinely existence. The word "eN" is variant of "eeN" meaning high, noble, divine, the most excellent etc.
As against this compliying to the demands of the socio-political dictates would constitute a FALL for in this life prevails corruption envy stealth jealousy the intention to kill and destroy, the inclination to bring misery to others and what not. Such people are NaaN aRRoor , individuals not ashamed of the beastlity of their personality. So such a socio-political life is NOT for me, says Appar, even if it means death penallties from the ruling king.